The History of Self defence
Many martial arts are derived from military combatives;
the study of hand-to-hand combat and martial arts in
warfare. After all, the term "martial art" means "art of
warfare." For example, the sport of judo comes from
jujitsu, which comes from samurai grappling, which was
part of the training Japanese warriors received as
preparation for battle.

Many weapon-oriented martial arts, such as ado, keno,
kiddo and naganata-do originated in schools of martial
techniques for warriors. These weapons, the sword, bow
and arrow, and pole arm, were the assault rifles and
machine guns of their time-the default weapons of
military fighters-and as such were key components in
combat training.

The Western interest in East Asian Martial arts dates
back to the late 19th Century AD, due to the increase in
trade between America with China and Japan. Relatively
few Westerners actually practiced the martial arts,
considering it to be mere performance.

Edward William Barton-Wright, a railway engineer who
had studied the martial art Jujitsu while working in Japan
between 1894–97, was the first man known to have
taught Asian martial arts in Europe. He also founded an
eclectic martial arts style named Bartitsu which
combined jujitsu, judo, boxing, savate and stick fighting.

William E. Fairbairn, a Shanghai policeman and at the
time a leading Western expert on Asian fighting
techniques, was recruited during world War II by the
Special Operations Executive (SOE) to teach UK, U.S.
and Canadian Commando and Ranger forces jujitsu.

William E Fairburn

The seminal self-defence book Kill or Get Killed was
written by Colonel Rex Applegate, who worked closely
with Fairbairn to train the "First Special Service," a joint
U.S. and Canadian army unit; it became a classic
military treatise on hand to hand combat and created the
reality based martial art "Defendu."

Col Rex Applegate

Carl Cestari
Modern variations that can still trace an authentic lineage
to Applegate are very few . The undisputed "father" of
Modern close-combat in the USA is Carl Cestari who
had a direct relationship with both Colonel Applegate
and WWII self-defence pioneer Charlie Nelson.

Imi Lichtenfeld

Krav Maga was developed in Hungary and
Czechoslovakia in the 1930s by Imi Lichtenfeld,  He first
taught his fighting system in Bratislava in order to help
protect the Jewish community from Nazi militias. Upon
arriving in the British Mandate of Palestine prior to the
establishment of the Jewish state, Imi began teaching
hand-to-hand combat to the Haganah, the Jewish
underground army. With the establishment of the State of
Israel in 1948, Imi became the Chief Instructor of
Physical Fitness and Krav Maga at the Israel Defense
Forces (IDF) School of Combat Fitness. He served in the
IDF for about 20 years, during which time he continued to
develop and refine his hand-to-hand combat method. He
died in January 1998 in Netanya, Israel.

How Krav Maga developed outside Israel

Prior to 1980, all experts in Krav Maga lived in Israel and
trained under the Israeli Krav Maga Association. That
year marks the beginning of contact between Israeli Krav
Maga experts and interested students in the United
States. In 1981, a group of six Krav Maga instructors
traveled to the US to offer demonstrations of the system,
primarily at local Jewish Community Centers. This, in
turn, led to demonstrations at the New York Field Office
of the FBI and the FBI's Main Training Center at
Quantico, Virginia. The result was a visit by 22 people
from the US to Israel in the summer of 1981 to attend a
basic Krav Maga instructor course. The graduates from
this course returned to the US and began to establish
training facilities in their local areas. Additional students
traveled to Israel in 1984 and again in 1986 to become
instructors. At the same time, instructors from Israel
continued to visit the US. Law Enforcement training in the
US began in 1985.

Krav Maga has been taught in the UK for around 4 years
with instructors courses being ran every year and lasting
30 days.

Seeing the need to bring these legitimate and proven
techniques and method of close-combat back into the
Modern world of "hobby" Martial Arts (Karate, Kung Fu,
Capoiera, Aikido, etc.) and "sport" Martial Arts (Judo,
Brazilian Jujitsu, Wrestling, Kick Boxing, Mixed Martial
Arts, Ultimate fighting , etc.), Krav Maga West Midlands
aims to provide students with as broad a range of
experience as possible from as many different
disciplines as possible, using Krav Maga as the basis to
do this.

Dave Turton

We don't think any UK based Self Defence training
system can go without recognition of  the man who is
known as the father of Self Defence within the UK, Mr
Dave Turton.  Dave is based in the Yorkshire area and
has been training for over 40 years in Martial arts during
which time he has developed his own style of Self
Defence which he has developed the Self Defence
Federation as the owner of the system.  To read more
about this remarkable mans life please click on his
image.  The main systems taught within KMWM are
obviously Krav Maga and Self Defence Federation

Geoff Thompson

Similarly to Dave above, no club certainly no West
Midlands based club, should list the greats of self
defence without mention of Geoff Thompson.  Geoff has
over 35 years of experience of the martial arts where he
honed his skills learned in the dojo on the street working
as a doorman.  Geoff setup and ran the British Combat
Association and produced numerous books and DVD's
on self defence.  Geoff then developed his skills with the
pen and is now a Bafta award winning writer but
fortunately he still occasionally graces the self defence
world with seminars and master classes.

Russell Stutely
In the same vane as the two gents above Russell Stutely
is one of the UK's leading self defence trainers and is
recognised as Europe's leading Pressure Point fighting
trainer.  Russell has been a visiting trainer as BCA
summer camps, where our Chief Instructor first met
Russell and was introduced to pressure point fighting.  
Russell is currently touring the Far East training his style
of martial arts  known as Open Circle Fighting Method,